There are many important points to eating a diet that is significantly rich in carbohydrates, fats, and protein. There are many reasons why this is important and many reasons why these essential “macros” are important to every day life and function. Generally, significantly reducing one does not seem palatable to most dieters.
A breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and protein, starts with the following explanation on the kind of role they may or may not play in human or animal bodies. These, generally speaking, are called “macros” in that they are the largest subgroups to define calories, generally speaking.
There are three macros, which have already been mentioned. There are carbohydrates, which are generally used for energy in most people’s bodies and diets. There are fats, which are often used to absorbing nutrients into the bodies of people and animals. There is protein, which is most applicable in popular culture for muscle building and repair.
Carbohydrates have numerous components which would be difficult to explain in a relatively short article. Generally, there are two types: simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates, some say, are the type that is usually found in processed and sugary food and drinks. This includes soft drinks like Coke and Pepsi, candy bars, or Gatorade.
Simple carbohydrates are the indicators in what is called the “glycemic index” which is a formulary for indicating foods that raise blood sugar (or glucose) very quickly. The glycemic index generally points to complex carbohydrates as being slower to raise blood sugar, some indicating that it is healthier.
Complex carbohydrates are generally found in less processed food with less refined sugar. Options for complex carbohydrates include wheat breads, brown rice, the carbohydrates found in most fruit, vegetables, lettuce, and other generally considered “healthy foods.” Complex carbohydrates give nutrients without raising blood sugar quickly.
Fats are, some people say, the most misunderstood macro in the diet discussion. Fats are often seen as something to be stayed away from. However, while some fats are truly negative in terms of health, such as trans fats and saturated fats, some serve an important function.
These “healthy fats” can be found in different foods, such as avocados, beans, and other “healthy fat sources.” Unhealthy fat sources might be found in cakes, cookies, brownies, and other foods that are just not healthy and contain a great amount of fat plus a great amount of sugar.
The final piece of the puzzle is protein, and it’s the macro probably most desired by those looking to gain muscle. Protein is a macro that is involved in the production of muscle. When a person lifts a significant amount of weight or a light amount of weight repeatedly, their muscles breakdown (called fatigue).
When their muscles breakdown, it is protein that gets them rebuilt again, this time a little bit bigger than before they broke down. Protein enables the body to rebuild muscle, which makes it important for people who are trying to gain either strength or more muscle mass.
Many diets are prescribed for individuals with health conditions or any number of ailments and afflictions. However, generally, the important points are that people should avoid processed foods, fatty, sugary foods, and foods with “empty” calories, that do not fill a person up and add little nutritional value.
Many of these diets may look at meat with a negative connotation, as red meat has been linked to heart disease. However, many may look at meat and think that some meat is good, so long as it has been wild caught and not farm raised. Here are some statistics on wild caught versus farm raised meat:
- Beef from grass-fed cows has higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids, and offers more vitamins A and E.
- Grass fed beef has up to seven times more beta carotene than grain fed.
- Grass fed beef accounts for possibly less than 3% of all beef sales in the U.S.
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